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Archive for May, 2010

Hospital employees put together this video and wore pink gloves just to make you smile. Are you smiling? Then they did a good job.

Positive thinking is half the battle and when you smile it is impossible to cry.

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Singer and actress Olivier Newton John, also a Breast Cancer survivor ,talks about the hidden dangers of mammograms.

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Self breast examination should be like brushing your teeth. I examine every day when in the shower. Doctors say this is not a good idea, as due to the menstrual cycle and hormone changes in our body we could get a ‘false’ reading. Once a month at the same time is sufficient. I however, decide when and how I check my body and use my doctors advice as a guideline .

I have been through too much and come too far and will have checked any ‘false’ readings I think necessary to protect myself.

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Step by step procedure for Breast Cancer Surgery.

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Touch LOOK Feel

An Inspiration to us all. Run for Life. Cancer will NEVER steal our soul, or break our spirit. We will fight you until our last breath.

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Grouping breast cancers

Doctors have developed ways of grouping breast cancers into different types. They sometimes call rarer breast cancers ‘special type’ and the more common breast cancers ‘no special type’. The most common type of breast cancer is invasive ductal carcinoma and this is often described as being of ‘no special type’. You may see this written as NST or NOS (not otherwise specified).

‘Special type’ breast cancers have cells with particular features. As well as the rare cancers listed here, lobular breast cancer is also classed as a ‘special type’.

Medullary breast cancerAbout 5 out of 100 breast cancers (5%) are medullary breast cancers. The cancer cells tend to be bigger than other breast cancer cells. And when doctors look at these cancers under a microscope they can see a clear boundary between the tumour and the normal tissue. This type of breast tumour is also unusual because it contains white cells.

Doctors treat medullary breast cancer in the same way as other types of invasive breast cancer. Women with medullary breast cancer generally have a better outcome than women with other types of invasive breast cancer.

Mucinous (mucoid or colloid) breast cancerAbout 2 in 100 breast cancers (2%) are mucinous breast cancers. This type of cancer tends to be slower growing than other types of breast cancers and is less likely to spread to the lymph nodes.

Doctors usually treat mucinous cancers in the same way as other types of breast cancer – with surgery. If the tumour is smaller than 1 cm, you may not need your lymph nodes removed. The outlook for mucinous breast cancer is generally very good. Further treatment is often not needed after the surgery.

Tubular breast cancerTubular cancer of the breast is called ‘tubular’ because the cells have a tubular shape when looked at under a microscope. Only about 1 in 100 breast cancers (1%) are tubular cancers.

Treatment is the same as for other types of invasive breast cancer. But you may not need to have your lymph nodes removed. This type of breast cancer is also less likely than other types to come back after treatment. So, the outlook is generally good.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breastFewer than 1 in 100 breast cancers (1%) are adenoid cystic carcinomas. It is also sometimes called a ‘cribriform’ cancer. This type of tumour tends to be slow growing.

Doctors usually recommend surgery to treat adenoid cystic breast cancers. Most women don’t need to have a mastectomy. Instead, your doctor will just remove the lump (a lumpectomy). Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast rarely spreads elsewhere in the body. So you don’t usually need to have your lymph nodes removed. And the risk of this type of tumour coming back is low, so the outlook is good.

Papillary breast cancerIn papillary carcinoma, the breast cancer cells are in a pattern that looks a bit like the shape of a fern. Papillary tumours tend to affect older women. They can also be non cancerous (benign).

Doctors usually treat papillary breast cancer with surgery. These cancers are usually slow growing, and don’t usually affect the lymph glands.

Metaplastic breast cancerThis type of breast cancer is a mixture of two cell types. The cells have started out as one cell type, such as an adenocarcinoma, but some of them have changed into another type of breast cell.

Doctors treat metaplastic cell cancers in the same way as other breast cancers. You may have surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. But metaplastic breast tumours tend not to be sensitive to hormone therapy.

Angiosarcoma of the breastAngiosarcoma is a type of breast sarcoma. A sarcoma is a cancer that develops from the structural, supporting tissues of the body, such as connective tissue, bone, blood vessel or nerve tissue. Less than 1 in 100 breast cancers (1%) are sarcomas. Angiosarcoma (pronounced ann-gee-oh-sar-co-ma) is also sometimes called haemangiosarcoma (hee-man-gee-oh-sar-co-ma). It starts in the cells that line the blood or lymphatic vessels. These cancers are more common in women in their 30s and 40s who have not yet had their menopause. The lump is usually at least 4 cm in size, and the skin over it may turn a bluish colour. The causes are not known but one possible cause in older women is chronic lymphoedema following a mastectomy and previous radiotherapy to the area.

Doctors usually treat these tumours with surgery and chemotherapy. There is more information about breast angiosarcoma in the breast cancer questions section.

Phyllodes or cytosarcoma phyllodesPhyllodes (pronounced fi-loi-d-ees) is a type of breast sarcoma that can be either cancerous (malignant) or non cancerous (benign). If cancerous, they may spread into the lymph nodes, but this is rare. Doctors usually treat them with surgery, and sometimes radiotherapy. Chemotherapy is rarely used.

Lymphoma of the breastLymphomas of the breast contain both lymphoid tissue and breast tissue. If your doctor diagnoses lymphoma of the breast, they will arrange further tests for you. These are to check for lymphoma elsewhere in your body. . The treatment for lymphoma of the breast is usually surgery to remove the lump, then chemotherapy possibly followed by radiotherapy.

Basal type breast cancerBasal type breast cancer was first identified in 2003. The breast cancer cells have particular genetic changes. The p53 gene is damaged (mutated) or lost. The cells make large amounts of a protein called cytokeratin 5/6. Basal type breast cancers are often triple negative – meaning that they don’t have many receptors for oestrogen, progesterone, or Her2. So, hormonal therapies and Herceptin don’t work for most basal type cancer cells. Other treatments are used instead.

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Male Breast Cancer

As a man who has been diagnosed with breast cancer, you have special concerns that don’t affect most women. Because the majority of men aren’t aware that it is possible for them to get breast cancer, receiving a diagnosis can be difficult.

Once diagnosed, men with breast cancer may feel conflicting emotions. On the one hand, you’ve been told you have cancer–a life threatening disease. Yet many men do not feel that they can discuss with others that they have breast cancer, due to embarrassment or other reasons. As a result, many men with breast cancer feel very alone.

To further complicate matters, there is not a great deal of information about male breast cancer available, so decision making and self-education can be difficult. More than 1,500 men are diagnosed with breast cancer each year.

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